Chromatin is a substance within a chromosome consisting of DNA and protein. The DNA carries the cell’s genetic instructions. The major proteins in chromatin are histones, which help package the DNA in a compact form that fits in the cell nucleus.
What is chromatin material and how does it change just before the cell division Class 9?
Chromatin material is a mass of genetic material consisting of DNA and histone proteins. Before the cell divides,the chromatin material packages itself more tightly for facilitation of segregation of the chromosomes.
What is the best definition of chromatin?
: a complex chiefly of DNA and histone in eukaryotic cells that is usually dispersed in the interphase nucleus and condensed into chromosomes in mitosis and meiosis and in which the nucleosome makes up its repeating subunits In eukaryotes, the DNA interacts with the histone proteins to form a tightly packed …
Where is the chromatin material found?
Chromatin is a complex of macromolecules composed of DNA, RNA, and protein, which is found inside the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. Chromatin exists in two forms: heterochromatin (condensed) and euchromatin (extended).
What is chromatin material and how does it change?
The DNA + histone = chromatin
As the cell initiates divisions by either meiosis or mitosis. During the interfaces, DNA is combined with the proteins and organized into a structure called chromatin. This chromatin is a thread like structure which condenses to form chromosomes just before the cell division occurs.
Does chromatin have RNA?
Whether RNA itself plays a direct structural role in chromatin is, however, not known. Here, we report results indicating that RNA plays a general structural role in eukaryotic chromatin. Our results indicate that purified chromatin contains significant amounts of RNA (2%–5% of total nucleic acids).
What is chromosome Class 9?
A chromosome is a DNA molecule that consists of a part or all of the genetic material of an organism. The chromosome is present in the nucleus of each cell, and it is packaged into thread-like structures.
What is chromatin made of?
Chromatin is a complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. Nuclear DNA does not appear in free linear strands; it is highly condensed and wrapped around nuclear proteins in order to fit inside the nucleus.