Most animals and plants are diploid, containing two sets of chromosomes; in each somatic cell (the nonreproductive cells of a multicellular organism), the nucleus contains two copies of each chromosome that are referred to as homologous chromosomes. Somatic cells are sometimes referred to as “body” cells.
Do all cells have homologous chromosomes?
All cells have homologous chromosomes except for the reproductive cells of higher organisms. Cells with homologous chromosomes are diploid. Reproductive cells, called gametes, are different. They contain only half the full number of chromosomes—one chromosome from each pair.
What is the main difference between Chromatin and chromosomes?
Chromatin is a complex formed by histones packaging the DNA double helix. Chromosomes are structures of proteins and nucleic acids found in the living cells and carry genetic material. Chromatin is composed of nucleosomes. Chromosomes are composed of condensed chromatin fibers.
What do you mean by homologous chromosomes?
Homologous chromosomes: A pair of chromosomes that contain the same gene sequences, each derived from one parent.
Do sperm cells contain homologous chromosomes?
Human sperm and eggs, which have only one homologous chromosome from each pair, are said to be haploid (1n). When a sperm and egg fuse, their genetic material combines to form one complete, diploid set of chromosomes.
What are non homologous chromosomes?
What it means. It is the pair of chromosomes with the same sequence of genes. Chromosomes do not constitute the same pair.