What are two processes in meiosis that help ensure genetic diversity in offspring quizlet?

What are the two processes in meiosis that help ensure genetic diversity in offspring?

Genetic variation is increased by meiosis

During fertilisation, 1 gamete from each parent combines to form a zygote. Because of recombination and independent assortment in meiosis, each gamete contains a different set of DNA. This produces a unique combination of genes in the resulting zygote.

Which 2 processes contribute the most to genetic diversity among offspring?

However, existing genes can be arranged in new ways from chromosomal crossing over and recombination in sexual reproduction. Overall, the main sources of genetic variation are the formation of new alleles, the altering of gene number or position, rapid reproduction, and sexual reproduction.

What two processes are responsible for generating genetic diversity in gametes?

Two processes are responsible for genetic variation, recombination (the subject of this chapter) and mutation.

How does human life depend on mitosis?

Replacement and regeneration of new cells– Regeneration and replacement of worn-out and damaged tissues is a very important function of mitosis in living organisms. Mitosis helps in the production of identical copies of cells and thus helps in repairing the damaged tissue or replacing the worn-out cells.

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What are the phases of mitosis?

These phases are prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Cytokinesis is the final physical cell division that follows telophase, and is therefore sometimes considered a sixth phase of mitosis.

What are the three major contributors to genetic diversity?

For a given population, there are three sources of variation: mutation, recombination, and immigration of genes. However, recombination by itself does not produce variation unless alleles are segregating already at different loci; otherwise there is nothing to recombine.

What creates the most diversity in offspring?

During sexual reproduction, the genetic material of two individuals is combined to produce genetically-diverse offspring that differ from their parents. The fact that most eukaryotes reproduce sexually is evidence of its evolutionary success. In many animals, it is actually the only mode of reproduction.

What are two ways meiosis introduces genetic variation?

We have seen that meiosis creates variation three ways: crossing over, mutations caused during crossing over, and independent assortment.

What is the correct order of steps in the cell cycle?

The cell cycle is a four-stage process in which the cell increases in size (gap 1, or G1, stage), copies its DNA (synthesis, or S, stage), prepares to divide (gap 2, or G2, stage), and divides (mitosis, or M, stage). The stages G1, S, and G2 make up interphase, which accounts for the span between cell divisions.

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