random mating between organisms. random fertilization. crossing over (or recombination) between chromatids of homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
What causes genetic variation in meiosis?
Meiosis is important because it ensures that all organisms produced via sexual reproduction contain the correct number of chromosomes. Meiosis also produces genetic variation by way of the process of recombination.
What are two sources of genetic variation How do they occur?
Natural selection acts upon two major sources of genetic variation: mutations and recombination of genes through sexual reproduction. Most mutations do not affect the reproductive fitness of individuals — some may be beneficial, some may be harmful, and many may be neutral. Mutation rates per gene are generally low.
What is another source of genetic variation when does it occur?
Mutations, the changes in the sequences of genes in DNA, are one source of genetic variation. Another source is gene flow, or the movement of genes between different groups of organisms. Finally, genetic variation can be a result of sexual reproduction, which leads to the creation of new combinations of genes.
What are the 3 types of genetic variation?
For a given population, there are three sources of variation: mutation, recombination, and immigration of genes.
How do meiosis contributes to genetic variation while mitosis does not?
5. Assess how meiosis contributes to genetic variation, while mitosis does not. During meiosis, the independent assortment of the pairs of chromosomes and crossing over provide a large amount of genetic variation. Mitosis produces identical cells.
What kind of daughter cells does meiosis produce?
The process results in four daughter cells that are haploid, which means they contain half the number of chromosomes of the diploid parent cell. Meiosis has both similarities to and differences from mitosis, which is a cell division process in which a parent cell produces two identical daughter cells.