The Hardy-Weinberg model states that a population will remain at genetic equilibrium as long as five conditions are met: (1) No change in the DNA sequence, (2) No migration, (3) A very large population size, (4) Random mating, and (5) No natural selection.
What are the 5 principles of the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium quizlet?
Terms in this set (5)
- No mutations. The gene pool is modified if mutations alter alleles or if entire genes are deleted or duplicated. …
- Random mating. …
- No natural selection. …
- Extremely large population size (no genetic drift) …
- No gene flow (emigration, immigration, transfer of pollen, etc)
What is the Hardy-Weinberg principle used for?
The Hardy-Weinberg equation is a mathematical equation that can be used to calculate the genetic variation of a population at equilibrium. In 1908, G. H. Hardy and Wilhelm Weinberg independently described a basic principle of population genetics, which is now named the Hardy-Weinberg equation.
What does the letter Q stand for in the Hardy-Weinberg equation?
In the Hardy- Weinberg equation, the letter q stands for homozygous recessive alleles.
What is genetic drift example?
Genetic drift is a change in the frequency of an allele within a population over time. A population of rabbits can have brown fur and white fur with brown fur being the dominant allele. … By random chance, the offspring may all be brown and this could reduce or eliminate the allele for white fur.
What are the conditions for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?
The conditions to maintain the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium are: no mutation, no gene flow, large population size, random mating, and no natural selection. The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium can be disrupted by deviations from any of its five main underlying conditions.
What is the Hardy-Weinberg principle quizlet?
Hardy-Weinberg Principle states. principle that allele and genotype frequencies in a population will remain constant unless one or more factors cause the frequencies to change. Hardy-Weinberg formula. p² + 2pq + q² = 1 ; can be used to determine if a populations is in genetic equilibrium.
What are the 6 patterns of evolution?
There Are Six Important Patterns of Macroevolution:
- Mass Extinctions.
- Adaptive Radiation.
- Convergent Evolution.
- Punctuated Equilibrium.
- Developmental Gene Changes.
What are the 4 mechanisms of natural selection?
The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium principle says that allele frequencies in a population will remain constant in the absence of the four factors that could change them. Those factors are natural selection, mutation, genetic drift, and migration (gene flow).