A couple of homologous chromosomes, or homologs, are a set of one maternal and one paternal chromosome that pair up with each other inside a cell during fertilization.
Do all cells have homologous chromosomes?
All cells have homologous chromosomes except for the reproductive cells of higher organisms. Cells with homologous chromosomes are diploid. Reproductive cells, called gametes, are different. They contain only half the full number of chromosomes—one chromosome from each pair.
What is the same in all parts of homologous chromosomes?
Homologous chromosomes are similiar but not identical. Each carries the same genes in the same order, but the alleles for each trait may not be the same. … The maternal and paternal chromosomes in a homologous pair have the same genes at the same loci, but possibly different alleles.
What is the main difference between Chromatin and chromosomes?
Chromatin is a complex formed by histones packaging the DNA double helix. Chromosomes are structures of proteins and nucleic acids found in the living cells and carry genetic material. Chromatin is composed of nucleosomes. Chromosomes are composed of condensed chromatin fibers.
Are human cells homologous?
Nearly all the cells in the human body carry two homologous, or similar, copies of each chromosome. The only exception is cells in the germ line, which go on to produce gametes, or egg and sperm cells. Germ line cells are haploid, which means they contain a single set of chromosomes.