A fertilized egg, called a zygote, has a diploid set of chromosomes. For each homologous pair, one chromosome comes from the mother, and one f f from the father. After fertilization, the zygote rapidly divides by mitosis and becomes an embryo.
Do zygotes undergo meiosis or mitosis?
Gametes are produced by mitosis (not meiosis) and after fertilization a diploid zygote is created. The single zygote cell never grows or divides my mitosis. It can only divide by meiosis to produce haploid cells once more, which then produce the main adult body.
Is a zygote formed by meiosis?
Gametes fuse in fertilization to produce a diploid zygote, but that zygote immediately undergoes meiosis to produce haploid spores. … Fertilization produces a diploid zygote that undergoes mitosis to produce the diploid version of the plant, called a sporophyte, which then produces haploid spores by meiosis.
Did the zygote grow into a baby through mitosis or meiosis?
In humans and most other anisogamous organisms, a zygote is formed when an egg cell is fertilized by a sperm cell. In single-celled organisms, the zygote can divide asexually by mitosis to produce identical offspring.
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In what way is meiosis II similar to mitosis?
The mechanics of meiosis II is similar to mitosis, except that each dividing cell has only one set of homologous chromosomes. Therefore, each cell has half the number of sister chromatids to separate out as a diploid cell undergoing mitosis.
Is a zygote a baby?
When the single sperm enters the egg, conception occurs. The combined sperm and egg is called a zygote. The zygote contains all of the genetic information (DNA) needed to become a baby. Half the DNA comes from the mother’s egg and half from the father’s sperm.
What is difference between gamete and zygote?
Difference between Gamete and Zygote:
Gametes are unfertilized reproductive cells. Zygote is a fertilised egg or a fertilised egg. As a product of meiosis, gametes are always haploid cells. Since zygote is the product of the fusion of the male and female gamete haploid, it is a diploid structure.