Question: Does meiosis result in genetically identical cells?

Like mitosis, meiosis is a form of eukaryotic cell division. … Mitosis creates two identical daughter cells that each contain the same number of chromosomes as their parent cell. In contrast, meiosis gives rise to four unique daughter cells, each of which has half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

Does mitosis result in genetically identical cells?

During mitosis, a eukaryotic cell undergoes a carefully coordinated nuclear division that results in the formation of two genetically identical daughter cells. … Then, at a critical point during interphase (called the S phase), the cell duplicates its chromosomes and ensures its systems are ready for cell division.

Are results of meiosis 1 identical cells?

Meiosis is the production of four genetically diverse haploid daughter cells from one diploid parent cell. … Both Meiosis I and II have the same number and arrangement of phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

Why does meiosis not produce identical cells?

Two gametes in each pair of cells produced by meiosis are not identical because recombination of alleles (genes) present on two homologous chromosomes occurs during meiosis.

What is the difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2?

There are two divisions in meiosis; the first division is meiosis I: the number of cells is doubled but the number of chromosomes is not. This results in 1/2 as many chromosomes per cell. The second division is meiosis II: this division is like mitosis; the number of chromosomes does not get reduced.

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Why is meiosis 2 necessary?

The cells are diploid, therefore in order to distribute the chromosomes eqully among the daughter cells so that they contain half the chromosome , Meiosis II is necessary. … It reduces the chromosome number to half so that the process of fertilisation can restore the original number in the zygote.

Are the daughter cells identical in meiosis?

Like mitosis, meiosis is a form of eukaryotic cell division. … Mitosis creates two identical daughter cells that each contain the same number of chromosomes as their parent cell. In contrast, meiosis gives rise to four unique daughter cells, each of which has half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

Can mitosis occur in all cells?

Mitosis happens in all eukaryotic cells (plants, animals, and fungi). It is the process of cell renewal and growth in a plant, animal or fungus.

What is difference between meiosis and mitosis?

Cells divide and reproduce in two ways, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis results in four sex cells.

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