NDSS uses the preferred spelling, Down syndrome, rather than Down’s syndrome. Down syndrome is named for the English physician John Langdon Down, who characterized the condition, but did not have it. An “apostrophe s” connotes ownership or possession.
What is the politically correct way to say Down syndrome?
While Down syndrome is listed in many dictionaries with both popular spellings (with or without an apostrophe “s”), the preferred usage in the United States is Down syndrome. This is because an apostrophe “s” indicates ownership or possession.
How do you refer to a person with Down syndrome?
Put people first, not their disability
- A “person with a disability”, not a “disabled person”
- A “child with Down syndrome”, not a “Downs child”
Are you supposed to capitalize Down syndrome?
The correct name of this diagnosis is Down syndrome. There is no apostrophe “s” in Down. The “s” in syndrome is not capitalized (syndrome). … An individual with Down syndrome is an individual first and foremost.
Is Down syndrome a disability?
Down syndrome is the most frequent chromosomal cause of mild to moderate intellectual disability, and it occurs in all ethnic and economic groups. The degree of intellectual disability in people with Down syndrome varies but is usually mild to moderate.
What age does Down syndrome occur?
It is determined by many factors, but research suggests that there is a higher chance if the mother is older than 35 years of age. Before the age of 30, Down syndrome occurs in fewer than 1 in 1,000 pregnancies. After the age of 40, this figure rises to about 12 in 1,000.
What gender is Down syndrome most common in?
Down syndrome appears to be more common among boys than girls, the study indicates. The condition is also seen more frequently in Hispanic children at birth, though the number of these children appears to level off with that of white children as they age. Black children appear less likely to have Down syndrome.
Can a Down syndrome child look normal?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
What are the signs of Down syndrome during pregnancy?
Some common physical signs of Down syndrome include:
- Flat face with an upward slant to the eyes.
- Short neck.
- Abnormally shaped or small ears.
- Protruding tongue.
- Small head.
- Deep crease in the palm of the hand with relatively short fingers.
- White spots in the iris of the eye.