In humans, the reduction division results in two sperm cells each with 23 chromosomes or an egg cell with 23 chromosomes and one discarded polar body. The second division – or meiosis II – is called equational division. The two sperm cells split again producing four sperm cells, each with 23 or n chromosomes.
Do gametes have 23 or 46 chromosomes?
Each species of eukaryotes has a characteristic number of chromosomes in the nuclei of its cells. Human body cells have 46 chromosomes, while human gametes (sperm or eggs) have 23 chromosomes each. A typical body cell, or somatic cell, contains two matched sets of chromosomes, a configuration known as diploid.
Does a gamete have 2 chromosomes?
Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome.
How many chromosomes are present when two gametes unite?
The gametes of human cells are haploid, from the Greek haplos, meaning “single.” This term implies that each gamete contains half of the 46 chromosomes—23 chromosomes in humans. When the human gametes unite with one another, the original diploid condition of 46 chromosomes is reestablished.
How many chromosomes do human daughter cells have?
At the end of mitosis, the two daughter cells will be exact copies of the original cell. Each daughter cell will have 30 chromosomes. At the end of meiosis II, each cell (i.e., gamete) would have half the original number of chromosomes, that is, 15 chromosomes. 2.
When two gametes unite they create a?
The process in which two gametes unite is called fertilization . The fertilized cell that results is referred to as a zygote . A zygote is a diploid (or 2N ) cell, which means it contains two copies of each chromosome.
What does 2n 12 mean?
2n=12. How many sister chromatids would be present in a cell entering prophase of mitosis? 24. 2n=12. How many pairs of homologous chromosomes would be present in one of he nuclei at the end of telophase I of meiosis.