Prophase is the first phase of mitosis, the process that separates the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus of a parent cell into two identical daughter cells. During prophase, the complex of DNA and proteins contained in the nucleus, known as chromatin, condenses.
Which process occurs during the prophase stage of mitosis quizlet?
What happens during Prophase? Chromatin forms into chromosomes. spindle fibers. Nuclear membrane (envelope) breaks down.
What processes occur during prophase?
During prophase, the replicated pairs of chromosomes condense and compact themselves. The pairs of chromosomes that have been replicated are called sister chromatids, and they remain joined at a central point called the centromere.
Which of the following occurs during prophase of mitosis?
During prophase, chromosomes condense and exit the nuclear envelope to align during metaphase. Anaphase follows metaphase, and is characterized by the separation of sister chromatids. Telophase is the final mitotic stage, during which the cell prepares for cytokinesis.
What is the function of prophase 1?
Prophase I highlights the exchange of DNA between homologous chromosomes via a process called homologous recombination and the crossover at chiasma(ta) between non-sister chromatids. Thus, this stage is important to increase genetic variation.
Where does mitosis occur in the body?
Mitosis is an active process that occurs in the bone marrow and skin cells to replace cells that have reached the end of their lives. Mitosis occurs in eukaryotic cells. Although the term mitosis is frequently used to describe the entire process, cell division is not mitosis.
What process occurs in both mitosis and meiosis?
Aside from these two distinct purposes, both mitosis and meiosis occur in multiple stages during which the same general things happen: DNA replication and condensation, nuclear membrane degradation, spindle formation, chromosomal segregation and nuclear reformation.