A phenotype is an individual’s observable traits, such as height, eye color, and blood type. The genetic contribution to the phenotype is called the genotype.
What means phenotype?
The term “phenotype” refers to the observable physical properties of an organism; these include the organism’s appearance, development, and behavior. An organism’s phenotype is determined by its genotype, which is the set of genes the organism carries, as well as by environmental influences upon these genes.
What is a phenotype answer?
Phenotype refers to the observable characteristics of an organism as a multifactorial consequence of genetic traits and environmental influences. The organism phenotype includes its morphological, biochemical, physiological, and behavioral properties.
What is the best definition of phenotype?
1 : the observable characteristics or traits of an organism that are produced by the interaction of the genotype and the environment : the physical expression of one or more genes Considering that modern maize is a tetraploid, it is remarkable how many single gene mutations cause profound changes in phenotype.—
What are the 3 types of phenotypes?
With one locus and additive effects we have three phenotypic classes: AA, Aa and aa.
Is skin color a phenotype?
Skin color variation is one of the most striking examples of human phenotypic diversity. It is dominated by melanin, a pigmentation located in the base of the epidermis and produced by melanocytes. Melanin has two forms, pheomelanin (yellow-reddish) and eumelanin (black-brown).
What’s genotype and phenotype examples?
For example, two mice that look virtually identical could have different genotypes. But if they have visibly different traits – say, one has white fur and the other has black fur – then they have different phenotypes.
What is a synonym for phenotype?
phenotype, constitution, composition, physical composition, makeup, make-up.
What is a phenotype in layman’s terms?
The phenotype of an organism is the whole set of characters (or traits) of that organism. It does not mean just ‘what you can see on the surface’. Rather, it means anything which can be made visible by suitable means. For example, blood groups are definitely a part of the phenotype.