Genomic medicine is an emerging medical discipline that involves using genomic information about an individual as part of their clinical care (e.g. for diagnostic or therapeutic decision-making) and the health outcomes and policy implications of that clinical use.
What are genomic diagnostics?
The sequencing of the human genome and the identification of associations between specific genetic variants and diseases have led to an explosion of genomic-based diagnostic tests. These tests have the potential to direct therapeutic interventions, predict risk or onset of disease, or detect residual disease.
What are some examples of genomic medicine?
The ways in which genomic medicine is making a difference
As an example, take the treatment of colorectal cancers. Some people with a particular gene mutation have better survival rates when treated with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, such as aspirin, than those without this mutation.
What is an example of genomics?
Genomics includes the scientific study of complex diseases such as heart disease, asthma, diabetes, and cancer because these diseases are typically caused more by a combination of genetic and environmental factors than by individual genes.
How has genomics been used to diagnose and treat diseases?
Genomic medicine has the potential to make genetic diagnosis of disease a more efficient and cost-effective process, by reducing genetic testing to a single analysis, which then informs individuals throughout life.
What problems can Genomics solve?
Using genomic data, providers can identify patients who are at high risk of developing certain conditions and better plan for treatments. This approach could be particularly helpful in proactively treating cognitive or behavioral disorders before people show signs of disease.
Where can I study genomics?
Here are the best global universities for molecular biology and genetics
- Harvard University.
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- Stanford University.
- University of California–San Francisco.
- Johns Hopkins University.
- University of Oxford.
- University of Washington.
- University of Pennsylvania.
What can genomics be used for?
Genomic technologies are increasingly being used to understand the contribution of both rare and common genetic factors to the development of common diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes and cancer.
What are genomic tools?
Genomics uses recombinant DNA technology to analyze the structure and function of the complete set of DNA within an organism.