An organism can be homozygous dominant, if it carries two copies of the same dominant allele, or homozygous recessive, if it carries two copies of the same recessive allele. … For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white).
What are examples of homozygous dominant?
A homozygous dominant genotype is one in which both alleles are dominant. For example, in pea plants, height is governed by a single gene with two alleles, in which the tall allele (T) is dominant and the short allele (t) is recessive.
What is homozygous recessive and homozygous dominant?
Homozygous alleles may be dominant or recessive. A homozygous dominant allele combination contains two dominant alleles and expresses the dominant phenotype (expressed physical trait). A homozygous recessive allele combination contains two recessive alleles and expresses the recessive phenotype.
What is the difference between homozygous dominant and homozygous recessive explain with an example?
Some alleles are dominant, while others are recessive. The dominant allele is expressed more strongly, so it masks the recessive allele. However, in a homozygous genotype, this interaction doesn’t occur. You either have two dominant alleles (homozygous dominant) or two recessive alleles (homozygous recessive).
Is an example of a homozygous dominant genotype?
An organism with two dominant alleles for a trait is said to have a homozygous dominant genotype. Using the eye color example, this genotype is written BB. An organism with one dominant allele and one recessive allele is said to have a heterozygous genotype. In our example, this genotype is written Bb.
Are humans heterozygous or homozygous?
Humans have two sets of chromosomes. Homozygous and heterozygous are terms that are used to describe allele pairs. Individuals carrying two identical alleles (RR or rr) are known as homozygous.
Homozygous vs Heterozygous.
|Only one type of gamete is produced||Two types of gametes are produced|
Is TT homozygous dominant?
When an organism has two of the same alleles for a specific gene, it is homozygous (homo means “same”) for that gene.
Genotype and Phenotype.
|Heterozygous||One dominant allele and one recessive allele||Tt|
|Homozygous dominant||Two dominant alleles||TT|
|Homozygous recessive||Two recessive alleles||tt|
Is AA homozygous or heterozygous?
Two dominant alleles (AA) or two recessive alleles (aa) are homozygous. One dominant allele and one recessive allele (Aa) is heterozygous.
Which of these is a homozygous recessive?
However, the recessive trait – baldness – can be manifested in an individual with the homozygous recessive gene, or hh. Curly hair is a dominant trait, with the homozygous HH gene causing the condition. Its recessive trait, represented by the homozygous gene hh, is straight hair.
How do you say the word homozygous?
Also ho·mo·zy·got·ic [hoh-moh-zahy-got-ik, hom-oh-].
How do you know if something is heterozygous or homozygous?
To identify whether an organism exhibiting a dominant trait is homozygous or heterozygous for a specific allele, a scientist can perform a test cross. The organism in question is crossed with an organism that is homozygous for the recessive trait, and the offspring of the test cross are examined.