The four daughter cells resulting from meiosis are haploid and genetically distinct. The daughter cells resulting from mitosis are diploid and identical to the parent cell. The main differences between mitosis and meiosis occur in meiosis I. … Meiosis II is much more similar to a mitotic division.
In what way is meiosis II similar to mitosis?
The mechanics of meiosis II is similar to mitosis, except that each dividing cell has only one set of homologous chromosomes. Therefore, each cell has half the number of sister chromatids to separate out as a diploid cell undergoing mitosis.
What events are common between meiosis II and mitosis?
Aside from these two distinct purposes, both mitosis and meiosis occur in multiple stages during which the same general things happen: DNA replication and condensation, nuclear membrane degradation, spindle formation, chromosomal segregation and nuclear reformation.
What is the difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2 quizlet?
Meiosis I is a reduction division where only one member of a homologous pair enters each daughter cell which becomes halploid. Meiosis II only splits up sister chromatids.
In what way is meiosis 2 similar to mitosis quizlet?
Meiosis II is like mitosis; sister chromatids separate and four haploid cells are formed. Note that each has half the chromosomes of the parent cell. These cells differ genetically from each other and from the cells of the parents.
What are 3 similarities and 3 differences between mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis consists of one stage whereas meiosis consists of two stages. Mitosis produces diploid cells (46 chromosomes) whereas meiosis produces haploid cells (23 chromosomes). Mitosis produces two identical daughter cells whereas meiosis produces four genetically different daughter cells.
Which of the following is a key difference between meiosis and mitosis?
Mitosis involves the division of body cells, while meiosis involves the division of sex cells. The division of a cell occurs once in mitosis but twice in meiosis. Two daughter cells are produced after mitosis and cytoplasmic division, while four daughter cells are produced after meiosis.
What is the difference meiosis and mitosis?
Cells divide and reproduce in two ways, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis results in four sex cells. Below we highlight the keys differences and similarities between the two types of cell division.
Why is meiosis 2 necessary?
The cells are diploid, therefore in order to distribute the chromosomes eqully among the daughter cells so that they contain half the chromosome , Meiosis II is necessary. … It reduces the chromosome number to half so that the process of fertilisation can restore the original number in the zygote.