Genes are segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that contain the code for a specific protein that functions in one or more types of cells in the body. Chromosomes are structures within cells that contain a person’s genes. Genes are contained in chromosomes, which are in the cell nucleus.
What sentence best describes the relationship between genes and chromosomes?
Explanation: A chromosome is a single linear, coiled DNA molecule that contains part or even all the genetic material of an individual. On the other hand, genes are chromosomal segments that contain the instructions required to encode a specific protein, which is stored in the form of a sequence of nucleotides.
Which statement describes the relationship of chromosomes DNA and genes?
The correct answer is a) genes, the basic unit of heredity, are located on chromosomes, which consist of strands of DNA.
What is the relationship between genes and chromosomes Brainly?
Genes contain one or more chromosomes. Chromosomes use DNA code to manufacture genes. Genes use DNA code to manufacture proteins for chromosomes.
How do genes multiply?
To multiply, a cell splits into two identical copies. The cell uses the instructions on its DNA and the chemicals in the cell to produce an identical DNA copy for the new cell. Then the process repeats itself many times as one cell copies to become two.
What is the relationship between a chromosome gene and allele?
Explained in greater detail, each gene resides at a specific locus (location on a chromosome) in two copies, one copy of the gene inherited from each parent. The copies, however, are not necessarily the same. When the copies of a gene differ from each other, they are known as alleles.
What do all human males inherit from their mother?
Men have a single allele of each gene on the X chromosome, inherited from their mother, and a single allele of each gene on the Y chromosome, from their father. Mitochondrial chromosomes are inherited solely from the mother. Men inherit their mother’s mitochondrial genes but do not pass them to their offspring.
What is the relationship between chromosomes genes and proteins?
Genes are composed of DNA arranged on chromosomes. Some genes encode structural or regulatory RNAs. Other genes encode proteins. Replication copies DNA; transcription uses DNA to make complementary RNAs; translation uses mRNAs to make proteins.
How many single chromosomes are in a human zygote Brainly?
The ovumcontributes 23 chromosomes, and a spermcontributes another 23 chromosomes — in a successful fertilization event— giving the full complement of 46 chromosomes to the resulting zygote,the unicellular first step to becoming a human (if all goes well).