The way people write out dominant and recessive traits is the dominant one gets a capital letter and the recessive one a lower case letter. So for eye color, brown is B and blue is b. As I said above, people have two versions of each gene so you can be BB, Bb, or bb–BB and Bb have brown eyes, bb, blue eyes.
What is dominant allele and recessive allele?
Dominant refers to the relationship between two versions of a gene. Individuals receive two versions of each gene, known as alleles, from each parent. If the alleles of a gene are different, one allele will be expressed; it is the dominant gene. The effect of the other allele, called recessive, is masked.
How do we show an allele is dominant recessive?
Dominant alleles are seen as an uppercase of a letter; for example, B. Recessive alleles are seen as a lower case of a letter; b. In order for a person to show the dominant trait, one of the person’s parents must have the dominant trait (which is an uppercase letter).
What pairs of alleles determine?
The pair of alleles present on an individual’s chromosomes dictates what eye color will be expressed.
How do alleles work?
An allele is one of two or more versions of a gene. An individual inherits two alleles for each gene, one from each parent. If the two alleles are the same, the individual is homozygous for that gene. If the alleles are different, the individual is heterozygous.
How can we predict inheritance patterns?
One can determine the likelihood of producing a child with a particular trait using a Punnett square. Assuming two individuals know their genotype for the trait, using a Punnett square allows them to visualize the potential genotypes of their offspring as well as determine the likelihood of trait expression.
Are blue eyes dominant or recessive?
Blue will always be recessive. If both parents have a blue allele, it is likely that the child will have blue eyes. However, if one parent has green eyes and the other blue, your child will most likely have green eyes, as green is dominant over blue.
Is EE dominant or recessive?
There are special term that are used to indicate each of these genotypes. Homozygous dominant, means that the organism has two copies of the dominant allele, in this case EE. Combination A is an example. Heterozygous means that the organism has one dominant and one recessive allele: Ee.