Meiosis is the production of four genetically diverse haploid daughter cells from one diploid parent cell. … In meiosis II, these chromosomes are further separated into sister chromatids. Meiosis I includes crossing over or recombination of genetic material between chromosome pairs, while meiosis II does not.
How does meiosis I differ from meiosis II quizlet?
Meiosis I is a reduction division where only one member of a homologous pair enters each daughter cell which becomes halploid. Meiosis II only splits up sister chromatids. Sister chromatids are not pulled apart in meiosis I at the centromere like in mitosis but are in meiosis II.
What are the similarities and differences between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2?
Both Meiosis 1 and 2 have the same phases: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase. One difference is that Meiosis 1 starts with a diploid cell and Meiosis 2 starts with 2 haploid cells, each with a homologous pair.
What is the difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2 chegg?
Meiosis I yields diploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis II yields haploid daughter cells. Meiosis I yields four haploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis II yields two haploid daughter cells.
What happens during meiosis I and meiosis II quizlet?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate resulting in a reduction of ploidy. Each daughter cell has only 1 set of chromosomes. Meiosis II, splits the sister chromatids apart.
What event occurs during meiosis I and meiosis II?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, whereas in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces four haploid girl cells, whereas meiosis I produces a pair of diploid female offspring cells. Genetic recombination or crossing overonly happens in meiosis I.
What are 3 similarities and 3 differences between mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis consists of one stage whereas meiosis consists of two stages. Mitosis produces diploid cells (46 chromosomes) whereas meiosis produces haploid cells (23 chromosomes). Mitosis produces two identical daughter cells whereas meiosis produces four genetically different daughter cells.
What are the similarities and differences between meiosis and mitosis?
Mitosis produces two cells from one parent using one division event. But meiosis produces four new child cells with two divisions, each of which has half the genetic material of its parent. Mitosis takes place all over the body, while meiosis only takes place in the sex organs and produces sex cells.
Why interphase between meiosis I and meiosis II is short?
Once meiosis starts, the purpose is to produce a haploid gamete. So there is no further need of replication or growth. Hence between meiosis I and meiosis II , there is no interphase.
How would meiosis differ without independent assortment There are 2 correct choices?
No genetic diversity among gametes would be generated during meiosis. … Recombination would not occur because homologous chromosomes would not pair. Each gamete would have a random combination of maternal and paternal chromosomes.
How does independent assortment occur in cells?
When cells divide during meiosis, homologous chromosomes are randomly distributed to daughter cells, and different chromosomes segregate independently of each other. This called is called independent assortment. It results in gametes that have unique combinations of chromosomes.
In what two ways does recombination contribute to offspring diversity select two that apply?
How does recombination contribute to offspring diversity? ~It increases the genetic diversity among gametes produced by an organism. ~It yields chromosomes that contain both maternal and paternal DNA.