Best answer: How is FISH technique used to detect aneuploidy?

FISH, which uses DNA probes and can be performed on cultured and uncultured cells, can rapidly detect aneuploidy of 13, 18, 21, X, and Y in uncultured amniotic fluid cells or chorionic villi.

How does FISH detect Down syndrome?

One way to test for Down syndrome is to karyotype fetal DNA; this involves obtaining fetal cells via amniocentesis, then culturing the cells and staining the chromosomes so that they can be visualized under a microscope. A second testing method is fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).

How does the use of FISH facilitate the analysis of chromosomal rearrangements?

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a cytogenetic technique developed in the early 1980s. FISH uses fluorescent DNA probes to target specific chromosomal locations within the nucleus, resulting in colored signals that can be detected using a fluorescent microscope.

What is GISH technique?

GISH is a technique that allows distinguishing the genomes in a cell. With this technique, it is possible to differentiate the genomes in a hybrid; consequently, this tool has been applied to the study of hybrid lineages, genetic improvement programs, and studies of the evolution of polyploids.

How accurate is the fish test?

FISH is 42-83% sensitive for detecting pTa and pT1 lesions and 92-100% sensitive for pT2-4 invasive lesions in patients with known bladder cancer, while urine cytology yields sensitivities of 24-50% for pTa and pT1 lesions and 78-85% for pT2-4 invasive lesions.

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Can FISH results be wrong?

Abnormal FISH results have been used in clinical decision-making (Cheong et al., 2001;Caine et al., 2005;Locatelli et al., 2005), but false-positive results have been reported (Winsor et al., 1999;Weremowicz et al., 2001; George et al., 2003) .

What is the difference between karyotyping and FISH?

Conventional karyotyping is limited to the detection of rearrangements involving more than 5 Mb of DNA. The resolution of the FISH technique, using fluorescent probes, is about 100kb-1Mb in size. … It can turn almost any DNA into a probe. 2.

What is FISH chromosome analysis?

Fluorescence in SITU hybridization (FISH) is a procedure that essentially creates a map of the genetic material in human cells, allowing cytogeneticists to locate specific DNA sequences on a chromosome. The process can give useful insight in the understanding of certain genetic mutations and chromosomal abnormalities.

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