Unlike some other non-flowering vascular plants, ferns produce one type of spore (homosporous) via meiosis in the sac-like sporangia. Within each sporangium, the diploid spores (spore mother cells or sporocytes) undergo meiosis.
Are the spores produced by the fern sporophyte formed by meiosis or mitosis?
Diploid sporophyte cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid spores. Each spore goes through mitotic divisions to yield a multicellular, haploid gametophyte. Mitotic divisions within the gametophyte are required to produce the gametes. The diploid sporophyte results from the fusion of two gametes.
Do fern spores divide by mitosis?
The sporophyte produces haploid spores by meiosis. … Mitosis and meiosis in the life cycle of a fern. A haploid spore germinates and begins to divide by mitosis to form the small multicellular gametophyte stage. The gametophyte stage produces gametes (by mitosis) which fuse to form a zygote.
Do ferns do mitosis?
Some ferns have a covering over the sporangia known as an indusium. When the spores are mature, they are released from the sporangia. If a spore lands on a suitable site, it will germinate and grow via mitosis into a mature gametophyte plant. A gametophyte is the plant that produces gametes.
Are plant spores produced by meiosis?
Spores form part of the life cycles of many plants, algae, fungi, and some protozoans. They are typically unicellular and haploid, being produced by meiosis. Being units of asexual reproduction, spores do not combine with other spores, but directly form new haploid organisms.
What do ferns do for the environment?
Plants possess capacity for removing contaminants from environmental components such as soil and water. Plant species including ferns have been exploited for capacity to remove various organic and inorganic contaminants from the environment (Alexandra et al. 2014; Drăghiceanu et al. 2014).
Where do ferns grow best?
Woodland ferns do best in high or dappled shade. The open shade of mature trees or the north side of the house or a wall, open to the sky, provide nearly ideal light conditions. Most woodland ferns will adapt to relatively low light levels, but no ferns thrive in deep shade.